Ministry of Education, Guyana

Glossary

Employee
An administrator, teacher or non-teaching support staff employed in an education institution or Services.

Employer
A person who engages others to perform certain tasks for payment of a wage or salary

Gender
All attributes associated with women and men, boys and girls, which are socially and culturally ascribed and which vary from one society to another and over time.

HIV
HIV belongs to a unique group of viruses known as retroviruses- these reverse the usual flow of genetic information within an infected. It is a virus that weakens the body's immune system, ultimately causing AIDS.

Infected Person
A person who is living with the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS

Legal age
The age of consent for sex in Guyana is now 16, and the age of legal majority is 18. As yet, the age for consent for treatment and testing has not yet been established in the country.

Opportunistic Infection
Infection by organisms that usually only cause diseases in people with weakened immune systems. Persons living with advanced HIV infection opportunistic infections of the lungs, brain, eyes, and other Opportunistic infections common in persons diagnosed with AIDS include Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia; Kaposi's sarcoma; cryptosporidiosis; histoplasmosis; other parasitic, viral and fungal infections; and some types of cancer.

Orphan
A person under the age of 18 years who has lost one or both parents (suggestion)

Parent
biological and adoptive parents or custodians, or legal guardians of children

Peer educator or peer counsellor
The trained employee or student who develops or implements a developmental counseling programme to meet the social, psychosocial and educational or training needs of employees or students in relation to HIV and AIDS.

Physician
A medical doctor licensed in accordance with the regulations of the state or other competent health licensing authority.

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)
Measures and treatment given to a person who has recently been exposed to disease causing organisms, to prevent them from developing the disease.

Prevalence
A measure of the proportion of people in a population affected with a particular disease at a given time.

Procedures
Laws and Bills which deal with protection of children from abuse, rape and other abuses.

Psychosocial support
The support meant to address challenges of isolation, depression, anxiety, other psychiatric impairment and serious interpersonal problems as a result of HIV and AIDS. The purpose of psychosocial support is to ensure that quality of life and motivation to live are effectively optimized.

Reasonable accommodation
Any modification or adjustment to a job or to the workplace that is reasonable, practicable and shall enable a person living with HIV or AIDS to have access to or participate or advance in employment.

Screening
Measures to assess HIV status, whether direct (HIV testing) or indirect (assessment of risk-taking behaviour), asking questions about health or about medication used in this policy in the context of exclusion from employment or education.

Sex and gender
The term 'sex' refers to biologically determined differences, while the 'gender' refers to differences in social roles and relations between males and females. Gender roles are learned through socialization. Gender roles are affected by age, class, race, ethnicity and religion, and by the geographical, economic and political environment.

Sexual Abuse
Abuse of a person targeting their sexual organs, e.g. rape, touching their private parts, or inserting objects into their private parts. Sharps Objects such as needle or other instruments used in health care that are able to penetrate the skin and potentially cause infection.

STI
Sexually transmitted infections, which include, among others, syphilis, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhoea. They include conditions commonly known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Social dialogue
Any form of information sharing, consultation or negotiation (with or without formal agreements concluded) between educational authorities, public and private, and employees or their representatives (i.e., workers' representatives as defined below). In the context of this policy social dialogue is applied to students and other stakeholders.

Stigma
A dynamic process of devaluation that significantly discredits an individual in the viewpoints of others

Student
A person attending formal or non-formal classes or pursuing studies at a school, training institution, college, university, or any other education institution

Teacher
A person engaged part-time or full-time in education of students, formal or non-formal.

Termination of employment
Dismissal by an employer.

Universal precautions
A simple standard of infection control practice to be used to minimize the risk of blood-borne pathogens.

Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT)
VCT is voluntary HIV testing that involves a process of pre- and post- test counselling, that helps people to know their sero-status and make informed decisions.

Vulnerable Student
Any person receiving education and training from a learning institution, but is susceptible to circumstances that infringe upon the fulfilment of
their fundamental human rights.

Workplace
Occupational settings, stations and places where workers spend time

Read 2048 times